Este artigo propõe demonstrar que o Japão aplicou ao longo do tempo ajustes graduais decrescimento das suas capacidades militares para recuperar autonomia em sua própria defesa.Com este processo de “ajustes”, sem reformas constitucionais, Japão detém atualmentecapacidades militares similares às das principais potências mundiais em termos de orçamento,recursos materiais tecnologicamente avançados, contingentes humanos e domina todos os ciclos para produção da arma nuclear. Em um cenário regional instável, com a emergênciade riscos à sua segurança estratégica e econômica e com aumento da possibilidade de serabandonado pelos Estados Unidos, o que falta para o Japão assumir sua autonomia em defesae atuar em ações de segurança coletiva? O texto avalia, na primeira parte, alguns conceitosque apontam as contradições, paradoxos e fundamentos que embasam a construção daidentidade de segurança do Japão. E, na segunda, concentra-se na análise da tendência derevisão ou de reinterpretação da Constituição Japonesa no que tange ter Forças Armadascomo instrumentos de Política Externa.
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