Ruling through the International Criminal Court’s rules

Resumo

Este artigo investiga a (des)igualdade soberana como um fenômeno que se manifesta nosdiferentes níveis de instituições internacionais. A análise é desenvolvida a partir do estudodo processo contra Omar Al Bashir, presidente em exercício do Sudão, no Tribunal PenalInternacional. Considerando que normas e regras possuem um papel social nas múltiplasrelações existentes em meio a agentes e a estruturas, ou seja, elas transformam as relaçõesno sistema internacional, o artigo investiga as disposições e princípios presentes no âmbitodo Tribunal Penal Internacional, que autorizam uma discriminação entre os Estados. Essadistinção implica a imposição de regras internacionais para alguns atores e a manutençãode certas prerrogativas soberanas para outros. Mais especificamente, a justiça internacionalpenal é caracterizada pela seletividade nos julgamentos, uma vez que é conferida a algunspaíses certa autoridade sobre o regime. Nesse sentido, defende-se que a (des)igualdadesoberana que está presente no direito internacional penal é, simultaneamente, manifestaçãoe condição de possibilidade da hierarquia na arquitetura social, e portanto normativainstitucional, e política do sistema internacional. Argumenta-se, assim, que a presençadessa (des)igualdade soberana pode ser identificada nos diferentes níveis das instituiçõesda sociedade internacional, na medida em que elas influenciam umas às outras.
https://doi.org/10.21530/ci.v14n1.2019.841
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