Sino-Philippine relations as the modern tributary game

moving beyond the South China Sea disputes

Resumo

Este artigo examina as relações China-Filipinas no Mar do Sul da China (MSC) de 1997 a 2017.A premissa é que a interação da China com os vizinhos litigantes no MSC (como o Vietnã eas Filipinas) é moldada por relações estratégicas, político-econômicas simbólicas análogasà dinâmica da China Imperial com os povos nômades da Ásia Central no chamado “jogo tributário” (ZHOU, 2011). A hipótese central é que, assim como o jogo tributário durou séculosem um padrão assimétrico, mas relativamente estável, o mesmo padrão assimétrico e estáveltende a prevalecer no estágio contemporâneo. Em um cenário de relações bilaterais comcontrole chinês de facto de muitas posições no MSC e de expectativa de ganhos econômicospelas Filipinas, é mais provável que o jogo tributário se afaste do polo conflituoso e seaproxime do polo de submissão-conciliação, consolidado pelo processo de aprendizagemmútua e pela inevitável gravitação econômica e diplomática dos países asiáticos em tornoda China.

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Biografia do Autor

Bruno Hendler, Universidade Federal de Goiás
Doutor em Economia Política Internacional pela UFRJ e Mestre em Relações Internacionais pela UnB.

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Publicado
21-05-2019
Como Citar
Hendler, B. (2019). Sino-Philippine relations as the modern tributary game. Carta Internacional, 14(1), 52-79. https://doi.org/10.21530/ci.v14n1.2019.877